Special feature published by The Press on November 21, 1999.
North Idaho Milestones
The Author: Robert Singletary
Credits: editing, layout & design
The Five Northern Counties
Kellogg: Supported by Uncle Bunker
Murray: Last of the gold mine towns
Mullan: Named for Captain John
Coeur d'Alene: From military town to county seat
Rathdrum: Former county seat experienced ups & downs
Post Falls: On the banks of the Spokane River
Harrison: Small town big history
Worley: Little town on the reservation
Spirit Lake: Buildings went up overnight
Hayden Lake: A lake, a man and a friendly game of cards
Sandpoint: Settlement on the north shore
Priest River: Old time Timber Town
Athol; Small town started as small station
Bonners Ferry: At the head of the Kootenai River
St. Maries: On the banks of the St. Joe River
Wallace: Creeks, canyons and silver
Mining: All that glitters is silver and gold
Steamboats: Plying the north Idaho waterways
Railroads: North Idaho was center for railways
Logging: Timber to lumber
Farming: All about agriculture
Tourism: Playland pier, regattas, bozanta tavern popular attractions
Free Time: Fun away from Farragut
The Arts: Everyone loves a good show
One Room or Many: Schools for public education
Higher Ed: Coeur d'Alene junior, north Idaho junior & North Idaho College
Utilities: Helping people plug in
Highways: Bye, bumpy roads
Farragut: Training for the U.S. Navy 1942-1946
Making Men: From recruits to sailors
Housing History: Cataldo's old mission
Hospitals: For healing & health care
Retail: Let's go shopping
Creeks, Rivers, Lakes & Mountains: A haven for outdoor fun
Libraries: Looking for a good read
Movies: Watching stars on the big screen
The 1910 Fire: A large and deadly raging inferno
Churches: places for the people to worship
The Flood of 1933: Fighting rising waters
Sports: Thrill of victory
Chronology: Major events in north Idaho
Marcus Wright: Tax man and tie king
Stanly Easton: Managing Bunker Hill
Teresa Graham: Political activist, civic leader & businesswoman
Sorensen & Johnson: Coeur d'Alene's masters boatbuilders
Frederick A Blackwell: Ambitious Lumberman
Daniel Corbin: Sugar beet farmer
Perry A. Christianson: Honored Educator and Administrator
Gilbert burns: Coeur d'Alene's music man
George T. Williams: Lake city's leading architect
Nellie Stockbridge: Silver valley's prized photographer
Kyle Walker: Nicknamed Mr. Cd'A
Henry SiJohn: Tribal elder loved music & loved to sing
Lawrence Aripa: Tribal storyteller
Louise Shadduck: Idaho's treasure
Harry f. Magnuson: Wallace mining magnate
Looking Ahead: Agriculture
Looking Ahead: Healthy Forests
Looting Ahead: Light manufacturing
Looking Ahead: The labor market
Looking Ahead: Tourism
Looking Ahead: Coeur d'Alene tribe continues quest for success
Looking Ahead: Retail
Looking Ahead: Medicine
Looking Ahead: Mining
Looking Ahead: Transportation
Looking Ahead: Public Ed
Looking Ahead: Real Estate
Looking Ahead: Higher education
Looking Ahead: Banking
Coeur d'Alene Press Article from March 28, 1994 authored by Robert Singletary about the growth of Post Falls:
Topics in article:
Chief Andrew Seltice
Little Spokane Falls
Charles Wesley Wood
Spokane and Idaho Railroad
Hotel Mount Vernon
Post Falls School District Number 7
Preliminary Articles of a Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between the United States and the Coeur d’Alene Indians
Article 1. Hostilities between the United States and the Coeur d’Alene Indians shall cease from and after this date, September 17, 1858.
Article 2. The chiefs and headmen of the Coeur d’Alene Indians, for and in behalf of the whole nation, agree and promise to surrender to the United States all property in their possession be longing either to the government or to individuals, whether said property was captured or abandoned by the troops of the United States.
Article 3. The chiefs and headmen of the Coeur d’Alene nation agree to surrender to the United States the men who commenced the battle with Lieutenant Colonel Steptoe, contrary to the orders of their chiefs, and also to give at least one chief and four men, with their families, to the officer in command of the troops as hostages for their future good conduct.
Article 4. The chiefs and headmen of the Coeur d’Alene nation promise that all white persons shall travel through their country unmolested, and that no Indians hostile to the United States shall be allowed within the limits of their country.
Article 5. The officer in command of the United States troops, for and in behalf of the government, promise that if the foregoing conditions are fully complied with no war shall be made upon the Coeur d’Alene nation; and further, that the men who are to be surrendered, whether those who commenced the fight with Lieutenant Colonel Steptoe or as hostages for the future good conduct of the Coeur d’Alene nation, shall in no wise be injured, and shall, within one year from the date hereof, be restored to their nation.
Article 6. It is agreed by both of the aforesaid contacting parties that when the foregoing articles shall have been fully complied with, a permanent treaty of peace and friendship shall be made.
Article 7. It is agreed by the chiefs and head men of the Coeur d’Alene nation that this treaty of peace and friendship shall extend also to include the Nez Perce nation of Indians.
Done at the headquarters of the expedition against northern Indians, at the Coeur d’Alene Mission, Washington Territory, this 17th day of September, 1858.
G. Wright, Colonel 9th Infantry, Commanding.
Mil-kar-si, his x mark.
Sal-tize, his x mark.
Vincent, his x mark.
Joseph, his x mark.
Jean Pierre, his x mark.
Pierre Pauline, his x mark.
Louis Margeni, his x mark.
Cypronani, his x mark.
Augustin, his x mark.
Paul, his x mark.
Bonaventure, his x mark.
Cassimere, his x mark.
Bernard, his x mark.
Anthony, his x mark.
Leo, his x mark.
Patricia, his x mark.
Pierre, his x mark.
Jean Pierre, his x mark.
E. D. Keyes, Captain 30d Artillery.
W. N. Grier, Brevet Major United States Army.
R. W. Kirkham, Captain and Assistant Quarter master.
F. F. Dent, Captain 9th Infantry.
C. S. Winder, Captain 9th Infantry.
J. F. Hammond, Assistant Surgeon United States Army.
Jas. A. Hardie, Captain 3d Artillery.
G. Gibson, 1st Lieutenant 3d Artillery.
R. O. Tyler, 1st Lieutenant 3d Artillery.
Jno. F. Randolph, Assistant Surgeon United States Army.
H. B. Davidson, 1st Lieutenant 1st Dragoons.
W. D. Pender, 2d Lieutenant 1st Dragoons.
Account of P.W. Johnson of the arrival of C.P. Sorensen at fort Coeur d'Alene 1879. He was awarded a contract by the government to build a steamboat on lake Coeur d'Alene for use by the garrison at the fort.
Title record of transfer of land between Andrew Saltese of the Coeur d'Alene Indians and Frederick Post acknowledged on September 16, 1889 and filed on September 19, 1889.
Description of what happened to the original treaty between the United States and the Coeur d'Alene tribe.
THE EXPEDITIONS OF COLONELS E. J. STEPTOE AND GEORGE WRIGHT AGAINST THE “ NORTHERN INDIANS " IN 1958 BY B. F. MANRING PUBLISHED BY JOHN W. GRAHAM & CO SPOKANE, WA
Collection of Items Pertaining to Capt. John Mullan and his Road
Father Cataldo and Indians of the Coeur D'Alenes who aided in building of the Cataldo Mission. Present at the Mission, September 26, 1926.
Father Cataldo for long time superintendent of the Jesuit Indian missions in the Rockies and for whom the mission has come to have a popular name of "The Cataldo Mission." "Father Cataldo speaking at Cataldo Mission, September 26, 1926. Indians are early converts of Cataldo or aided in building the mission.
Bull Mountain. Cataldo Mission, September 26, 1926. Helped build the mission 1845-8.
Crowd at Cataldo Mission on September 26, 1926 at which time the Indians, now surviving, who aided to build the Mission, together with Father Cataldo, who celebrated mass, were present.
Will Sanford Ross was born June 25, 1874 to Branson M. and Susan Terhune Ross in Bethany, Missouri. He was age 13 in 1887 when the family moved to Post Falls, Idaho. After helping run his parents’ 500-acre orchard at Ross Point, he moved to the Kittitas valley in 1905. His oldest sister Emma had been there since 1883 when she married into the Rego family. Will was married first to Bertha Knox in Post Falls in 1899, and to Norna E. Roth of Twin Lakes, Idaho in 1907. Will and Norna farmed and ranched four places in the valley. The home place from 1905 to 1959, was the Olof Hansen homestead on Hanson Rd. Will built a barn there and two others over the years. They kept a second house in Thorp so the kids could walk to school. Retiring from farming at age 85, he died at age 94 in Ellensburg on March 4, 1969. (Photo 1963)
Marker of Captain John Mullan's trail. Marker on the grounds of the Post Falls, Idaho High School. (Has since been moved. Mapping reflects current location.)
Mission at Desmet, Idaho as it appeared about 1915. Photograph by Frank Palmer (1864-1920).
Crosses marking the burials beneath alter in the mission church at DeSmet, Idaho, Coeur D'Alene Indian Mission. Father Joset d. 1900 and Father Giorda d. 1882.
Edna Gubert, Lerra Louie, Pauline Pichette, Annie Anasta.
Joe Bedell, Louie Aripa, Augustine Bishop, Jap Skikey, Kalispell Michell.
Regis, Chief Wildshoe, Chief Moateling of the Indian men at the mission.
Coeur d'Alene Indian War Dancers 1900/1920
The youngest child of Chief lllim-ekum-Spokanee of the powerful Middle Spokanes, Garry was orphaned at 12. With 8 other Indian boys he was sent to the trader's school at Lake Winnipeg, Canada. For six years he studiM English, French, the Episcopal faith and agriculture. Then, dressed as a white man, he returned to his tribe to teach all he had learned . His daughter Nellie remembers his first school as being at Drumheller Springs, near Maple and Euclid , and he spent many hours speaking in the long . house there. Garry made a great effort to change the ways of the Indians, and his hopes were high . But the Spokanes were not content with one wife in place of three or four, and few cared about the plow and hoe. After 2 or 3 years, Garry gave up and donned the garb of his father. But his voice was always heard in the tribal councils, and he was honored and sought after by the chiefs. He traveled a lot, first with the Army, then as a hunter and Indian emissary.
Father Anthony Ravalli came here from Italy in 1844. For the next 40 years he worked with brother Jesuits among the Flathead and Coeur d'Alene Indians. Well educated, he brought from Europe the experience of a physician and the talents of a versatile artist. With only the tools and materials of the Frontier - a saw, an auger, an axe and an old jackplane - Father Ravalli and his eager Indians built churches, carved statues and made furniture we marvel at today.
When the great peacemaker, Father Joset came through here in 1859 on his way to the Mission, only Indians roamed the sage and camped by the whitewater falls. As a beloved, trusted friend of the Coeur d'Alenes, he acted as their intermediary in the bitter fights between the Indians and intruding white men. Before the Steptoe disaster he galloped 50 miles -then back and there again - only to fail in the end. In the aftermath, he reassured the Indians and helped prevent further bloodshed.
When Spokane Falls was a raw, wild frontier town, the sole source of medical advice was the Almanac. Riding to fetch a doctor was often a two or three day trip. Terrible epidemics were common and all that helpless families could do was wait. Germs and antiseptics were unknown. In the case of an operation, a large amount of strong whiskey was as good as anything known.
Then in ApriI, 1886, Mother Joseph and Sister Joseph, French-Canadian Sisters of Providence, came to Spokane on the Northern Pacific Railway. They stayed at the California House, and drew up the plans for Sacred Heart Hospital on the hotel dining
table. A two-block piece of, land on the south river bank was purchased for $2,000. That July, the cornerstone was laid for Spokane's first hospital, and the work was underway.
Sacred Heart Hospital
As May Arkwright, she married Levi Hutton in 1887. He was a locomotive engineer on an ore train out of Wallace, Idaho. She ran the best boarding house in the mines. Together they invested their savings of $5 ,284 in what was to become the mighty Hercules mine ... and their considerable fortune was made! In Spokane, the Huttons were involved in every sort of charitable project, especially ones benefitting children . Both were orphans and their marriage was childless . . . thus they felt a special sympathy for those in similar circumstances. Mrs. Hutton founded a home for unwed mothers. The Hutton properties
today support The Hutton Settlement for children.
In 1889 - with $1.25 in his pocket - he was hard at work with pick and shovel, clearing away the debris of the disastrous Spokane fire. As soon as he had $125, he purchased a tent and equipment. Under a huge sign proclaiming his new venture, he opened "Davenport's Waffle Foundry."